Delhi is a city and the national capital territory in north-central India.
The city of Delhi actually has two components: Old Delhi, in the north, which is the historic city; and New Delhi, in the south, since 1947 the capital of India which was built in the first part of the 20th century as the capital of British India.
One of the country’s largest urban mass, the city extends across the Yamuna River, a tributary of the Ganges (Ganga) River, about 100 miles (160 km) south of the Himalayas.
The national capital territory holds Old and New Delhi and the surrounding metropolitan region, as well as adjacent rural areas.
To the east, the territory shares its border with the state of Uttar Pradesh, and to the north, west, and south it is bounded by the state of Haryana.
History of Delhi:
Delhi is of great historical importance as an important commercial, transport, and cultural hub and it is also the political centre of India. The city was named for Raja Dhilu.
He was a king who ruled in the region in the 1st century BCE. The different names by which the city has been known—including Delhi, Dehli, Dilli, and Dhilli, among others are likely corruptions of his name.
The history of Delhi dates back to Vedic history of India when Pandavas and the Kauravas lived in this region and it was then called ‘Indraprastha’.
It was later called as “Dilli” in various Sanskrit texts and was ruled by the Tomar dynasty, a fierce warrior class that ruled the Haryana/Indraprastha region.
Then, there came the growth of the Slavs, Khiljis, Tughlaqs, Sayyid, and the Lodhis. Anybody that captured Dhilli essentially got access to the Indian subcontinent and the word “Dehli” is now synonymous with the phrase “doorstep”.
The very famous ruler from the Khilji dynasty was Alauddin Khilji. In India after the Khiljis, the Tughlaqs came into power. And the most famous ruler of this dynasty is Mohammed bin Tughlaq.
Down the history, Delhi has seen many fortresses like Lal Kot, Quila Rai Pithora, Tughlaqabad, Siri, Jahanpanah, Firozabad, Dinpanah, and Shahjahanabad.
The “raids” or “sacks” from Delhi sultanates were terrifying for many Hindu rulers and people south of Delhi.
Popular Language of Delhi:
Hindi is the official language of Delhi. As the city is dominated by the Hindu population, the majority of the people speak in Hindi.
Chief Minister (CM) of Delhi:
Arvind Kejriwal is the chief minister of Delhi
Governor of Delhi:
Anil Baijal is the governor of Delhi
High Court of New Delhi:
It is located in Shershah Road, Justice SB Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110503
Delhi on Map:
The capital of India is an urban city with a historic old Delhi and the modern New Delhi.
From historical monuments to crowded shopping centers, from an extensive network of the modern metro system to Delhi University campus, Dilli has multiple personalities and is regarded to be the city with a heart.
Take time to explore historical monuments such as the Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Humayun’s Tomb and Purana Qila if you want to explore the Mughal History.
The city has numerous temples scattered all across the city, a few notable ones being the Akshardham Temple, the Lotus Temple (also known as the Bahai Temple), and the ISKON Temple.
People of this city love to eat, and tourists will find themselves confused for choice between the multitude of dishes on offer at every corner of every street.
From kebabs and tikkas to Chhole Bhature, Delhi is a melting pot of diverse cultures, and this fact is reflected in the culinary palette of the city.
Best 50 places to visit in Delhi:
1. India Gate
India Gate is an important site to visit when on one’s tour to Delhi. India Gate is something that defines the city or India for that matter.
It was built in 1931 as a memorial for martyrs of World War I and war in Afghanistan.
2. Red Fort
The Red Fort is an epitome of the Mughal era in India and is the face of tourist attractions in Delhi.
Built-in 1638, it is an outstanding marvel of Mughal architecture made of red sandstone and is one of the famous tourist places in the city.
3. Rashtrapati Bhavan
Presidential Palace- On the opposite of the Rajpath is the residence of the President of India and is one of the famous tourist places to visit in Delhi at night.
4. Qutub Minar
Among the other places to visit, Qutub Minar stands tall with its 73-meter tall brick minaret. The structure is built by Qutub-ud-din Aibak and has five stories abundant with chiselled carvings and scriptures.
5. Jantar Mantar
Constructed in 1724 by Maharaja Jai Singh of Jaipur, Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory and one of the fascinating tourist places to visit.
6. Humayun’s Tomb
The Garden Of Tombs- Among the best places to visit in Delhi, and a world heritage site under UNESCO, Humayun’s Tomb was built in 1570 by Humayun’s wife Haji Begum.
7. Akshardham Temple
While sightseeing in the city, a visit is necessarily suggested to Swaminarayan Akshardham – one of the largest Hindu temples in the world.
It is built by the BAPS spiritual organization. It’s a stunning architectural work made of pink stone and white marble.
8. Chattarpur Temple
Set amidst the beautiful surroundings of South Delhi, Chattarpur is a popular temple founded in the 1970s by Sant Shree Nagpal Baba. This divine temple has beautiful architecture and it’s a perfect blend of north and south.
9. ISKCON Temple
ISKCON is a spiritual institution founded by His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada in 1966. One can see the beautiful visual presentations of Bhagavad Gita with colourful lights that create a wonderful effect on the huge screen.
10. Lotus Temple
This temple belongs to the Baha’i faith which proclaims that all people and religions are united.
Worshippers of every religion are welcome here. The nine doors of this temple allow 2500 visitors at the same time.
11. Jama Masjid
Among the other tourist attractions in Delhi is the largest mosque in India–Jama Masjid.
It can hold 25000 devotees at a time. It was Shah Jahan’s first architectural marvel.
12. Purana Quila
In the list of places to visit in the city, Purana Quila is one of the most ancient grandeur of the city. Delhi tourism promotes Quila as it’s one of the most important structures in the history of India.
13. Bangla Sahib Gurudwara
One of the peaceful Delhi tourist places, with the gurgling Sarovar inside its complex, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib was first built as a small temple by Sikh General, Sardar Bhagel Singh in 1783.
14. Raj Ghat
Gandhi Smriti shows you the exact location where Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated. The room is the same as how Gandhiji left it and that’s where he built his abode for 144 days until his time of death.
15. Hauz Khas Fort
The Hauz Khas Fort Complex rests amidst the splendid beauty of a lake and is a 10 pointer among the very famous tourist places in the city.
16. Agrasen Ki Baoli
Agrasen Ki Baoli, which is also known as Agrasen Ki Baoli is one of the coolest places to visit in Delhi.
It became very popular after Amir Khan’s PK movie and on the other hand, is also infamous for its haunted activities at night.
17. Nehru Park
One of the most beautifully landscaped green areas, Nehru Park in Chanakyapuri is one of the best places to visit and is a hub for recreational activities.
18. Crafts Museum
With the theme set up of a traditional village, this vintage museum in Pragati Maidan of Delhi has been preserving and nurturing the traditional crafts of India.
19. National Rail Museum
With an exotic collection of over a hundred exhibits of trains from Indian Railways, National Rail Museum is one of the coolest must-visit places in the city, especially with your kids.
20. Shankar’s International Dolls Museum
Shankar’s International Dolls Museum in New Delhi is a wonderful place to visit on your trip to Delhi. The doll museum was started by the popular cartoonist, K Shankar Pillai.
21. Chandni Chowk
The main street of Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk is the heart of the city.
The narrow lanes are filled with shops to buy inexpensive stuff. Also, Street food just doesn’t get better than Chandni Chowk.
22. Palika Bazaar And Janpath Market
An underground market located between the inner and outer circle of Connaught Place, Palika Bazar houses 15,000 people within its confines at any given time.
23. Sarojini Nagar Market
One of the best places to shop for accessories and clothes at cheap prices is Sarojini Nagar Market, and everyone who’s exploring Delhi must visit this market.
24. Select Citywalk
It is a shopping mall situated in the Saket District Centre, Select Citywalk is a 1,300,000 square feet retail development spread over 6 acres.
25. Dilli Haat
It is an open-air food plaza cum craft bazaar. Dilli Haat is located near INA and is run by the Delhi Tourism Authority. Artisans and craftsmen from all over the country come here to showcase and sell their handicrafts.
26. National Museum
The National Museum of India is one of the largest museums in the city. The main collection of this museum is the vivid collections of Indian and foreign art.
27. The Educational National Gallery Of Modern Art
This is one of the major and largest National galleries of modern art. One can visit more than 14000 works of renowned artists, whether national or international.
28. Lodhi Gardens
Located near Khan Market, Lodhi Gardens is spread around 90 acres and the entire year is a heritage site.
One will get to see lots of historical monuments, like the tomb of Sikandar Lodi and Mohammed Shah.
29. Garden Of Five Senses
This 20-acre park is full of lush greenery that will be soothing to you amidst the pollution of Delhi.
This park is not for strolling around, but one can also enjoy numerous activities over here.
30. Khan Market
This is the place where you can find fancy branded items, along with the opportunity of shopping budget-friendly items from the street shops. You can find apparel, cosmetics, ayurvedic medicines, and lots of other things here.
31. Karol Bagh Market
It is one of the oldest marketplaces in Delhi that is famous for traditional Indian wear, especially the bridal collection. The variety and design you can get here are difficult to find anywhere else.
32. Tamra Shangri La’s
No food recommendations can be complete without Tamra. It is a fun and vibrant restaurant which serves up some local and delicious dishes.
33. Lajpat Market
It is a commercial and residential point located near the South Delhi district. Named after Lala Lajpat Rai, who was nicknamed as the lion of Punjab; Lajpat Nagar is presently famous for its collection of a variety of items spread over different shops, all of which you can get at incomparable rates.
34. Kunzum Travel Cafe
While in the capital, you can meet with the other travellers here and have a great time to share stories, getting to know others, and perhaps making travel buddies as well.
It is a famous neighbourhood located in Central Delhi. It was known during the Mughal period as the Shahganj marketplace.
36. The Blue Bar
If you want to explore the nightlife scene of Delhi then this is the best bar to head to.
It is one of the best luxurious lounges and bars in the city because of its charismatic and yet edgy decor of red on black that makes its patrons have a really unique experience.
37. Club Pangaea
To enjoy some great food here, make sure you mark Club Pangaea on a list. It is a luxury dining restaurant and bar which offers a class in all aspects.
38. Khan Chacha
There is an amazing story behind this establishment which has become a part of Delhi’s landscape. It was founded in the 1970s by Haji Banda Hasan whose shop went on to become the mammoth that was the Khan Chacha.
39. Laxminarayan Temple
Birla Mandir refers to any temple which was built by the Birla family and there are many as such scattered over the various cities. It is located on Mandir Marg and is a very important tourist destination as well.
40. Tomb Of Safdarjung
The tomb is a very famous attraction in Delhi and is made up of marble and sandstone. It was constructed in 1754. The architect is in the late Mughal Empire style.
41. Feroz Shah Kotla Fort
Kotla is just the name that people of this city call the historic monument built by the Sultan Feroz Shah Kotla to mould the city in his vision of Firozabad.
42. Pragati Maidan
Located on the Mathura Road, Pragati Maidan is both an exhibition as well as a complex centre that has a total of 150 acres of land which is equipped with roads, paved lawns, outlets and gardens.
43. Nizamuddin Dargah
Fully known as the Hazrat Nizamuddin Dargah, this is a famous tourist destination site in the city. The structure is actually a mausoleum of a very Sufi Saint called Hazrat Khwaja Syed Nizamuddin Auliya who lived between the years 1238 to 1325.
44. Nehru Planetarium
This is a major hub of science and information but also serves as a popular picnic spot for school kids. The Nehru Planetarium is sure to charm the astronomy fan in you and so it is one of the best places on the Delhi tourist places map.
45. Shahpur Jat
If you are looking for the most fun places to visit in Delhi with friends for some good food and shopping, then Shahpur Jat is the best place to be at.
46. Okhla Bird Sanctuary
While this isn’t exactly located inside Delhi, it still is considered one of Delhi’s most fun and exciting places owing to the natural splendour and peace that this area offers.
47. India Habitat Centre
For those who dig the modern red-brick architecture with some beautiful small gardens on certain spots should surely consider paying a visit to the Indian Habitat Centre.
48. Southern Ridge Forest
If a hidden gem with lush jungles and paths less taken is your idea of an outing, then head to the Southern Ridge Forest. Covering almost 6200 hectares of land, Southern Ridge Forest is a location that is surrounded by tranquillity and serenity on all the corners.
49. Indian War Memorial Museum
Indian War Memorial Museum is one of the visiting places in Delhi for patriots and was established to pay tribute to those soldiers who fought in the World Battles and Wars in India as well as abroad on behalf of Great Britain.
50. Barakhamba Tomb
When seeking places to visit in Delhi, NCR, Barakhamba Tomb is a structure that showcases the architecture of the Mughal Era in the finest manner possible.
Famous National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries in Delhi:
1. Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary
Towards the southern edge of the capital city of Delhi in the region that goes by the name Tughlaqabad, there is a refuge for wildlife of the city.
2. National Chambal Sanctuary
Known to house the critically endangered Gharial, the National Chambal Sanctuary is among the famous wildlife sanctuaries near Delhi.
Located on the Chambal River, this wildlife sanctuary also houses mugger, turtles, otter, and freshwater dolphins.
3. National Zoological Park
Covering a total land area of 176 acres, National Zoological Park in Delhi is a sprawling green island. From biggest cats to tiny birds, this park is a favourite weekend spot near Old Fort in Delhi.
4. Sultanpur National Park
Sultanpur National Park is known for migratory as well as local species of birds. These birds captivate everyone’s heart.
Located at a distance of 15 km from Gurugram, this National Park near Delhi is the best place to visit in winter.
5. Keoladeo National Park
Keoladeo National Park is a well-maintained wetland near Bharatpur town. It is a good National Park in Delhi.
What is Delhi famous for?
- The Scrumptious: Dilli ki Chaat
- Street Shopping at Giveaway Prices
- Dilli Haat: Uniqueness Guaranteed
- The Metro: The Magic of the Intra City Rail
- Hauz Khas: Fort, Cafes, and Party
- The Khan: A Market to Remember
- The Beautiful Gardens of Delhi
- Cheap Wholesale Bazaars of Old Delhi: The Lifeline of Indian Business
- Delectable, Diverse And the Undeniably Delicious food of Delhi
- Delhi Zoo: Animals Galore
- Cultural Hub: Diversity at its Best
- Reliving The Charm Of The British Era at Connaught Place
Fairs & Festivals Of Delhi:
1. The Grub Fest
Being one of the best and biggest food festivals of Delhi, The Grub Fest is a must-attend for every foodie.
2. NASVI Street Food Festival
National Association Of Street Vendors Of India takes one’s love for street food to the next level every time before the year ends, with its street food festival.
This is one of the best festivals in Delhi, which has 150 food stalls and around 300 lip-smacking cuisines from all across India.
3. Asian Hawkers Market
The Asian Hawkers Market is the most unique and one of its kind al fresco food festivals of Delhi that you must attend if your taste buds crave for Asian cuisine.
4. The Palate Fest
This famous food festival turns acres of land in Nehru Park into a foodie’s paradise, and there is absolutely no reason why one wouldn’t fall in love with the food here.
5. London Market
An annual extravaganza, London Market is undoubtedly one of the most popular shopping festivals in Delhi. This fashion souk lets you embrace one’s ‘shop till you drop’ attitude and is one of the upcoming festivals in Delhi that one must attend if one is a Shopaholic.
6. Wedding Asia
One thing that really worries a woman during her wedding is her trousseau shopping. But with a number of wedding exhibitions happening in the city, Wedding Asia is one of the top shopping festivals in Delhi for you to stopover.
7. Dastkar Asia Bazaar
Set up like a village, this bazaar is the ultimate place to shop your heart out and learn about different cultures. This Delhi summer festival brings together local artists and craftsmen from different countries.
8. New Delhi World Book Fair
Organized by National Book Trust, India, this is one of the best festivals in Delhi to attend! With a hall full of books, this fair has something for everyone from kids to housewives.
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