In the heart of Assam, Kaziranga National Park is one of the last areas in eastern India undisturbed by a human presence.
It is inhabited by the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds.
India, a five-letter word but well- known for his history, high rich culture, great biodiversity, and greenery.
In this article, we will focus on ” Kaziranga National Park” situated in the state of Assam, India.
Assam is located on the lap of Himalayas and famous for tea coffee production and great cultures. Kaziranga is located in Golaghat, Karbi Anglong, and Nagaon districts of Assam.
Kaziranga National Park is approximately 40 km in length and 13 km in breadth. It covers an area of 378 km2. The park is crisscrossed by four rivers and one of them is the Brahmaputra river.
Kaziranga is a shelter for the highest density of tigers and home population for Elephants, Wild Water Buffalo, and Swamp Deer. Kaziranga National Park is the host of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceros population.
Kaziranga National Park is one of the prides of India. Kaziranga is the place where nature unwinds its pristine form in millions of hues, where wildlife roams fearlessly, where man and nature meet together.
This prestigious national park in India is situated in the northeastern part of the country in the district of Golaghat and Nagaon in the state of Assam.
Let’s go back to the beginnings of the twentieth century in the year of 1904 when this beautiful wildlife sanctuary was created, and about 68 years later it was declared as National Park.
The beautiful geographical vicinity of the park makes it a haven for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers.
The title Kaziranga adopts its name to Karbi, which is the name of a woman who ruled here in ancient times. It is the only ancient park in Assam which wraps a vast region of numerous flora and fauna.
How To Reach Kaziranga National Park?
1) By Air
There are two nearest airports to park which are Guwahati International airport and Jorhat domestic airport which are at a distance of 217 km and 97 km from the park.
They are well connected by road to the park. Guwahati international airport is the best option to arrive by air from any corner of India.
The Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, located in Guwahati, is the best option to arrive by air from any corner of India or abroad.
2) By Train
The nearest railway station to Kaziranga National Park is Furkating which is located at a distance of 75 km from Park. The travellers can also use Guwahati and Jorhat railway station to reach Kaziranga.
Both these stations are major railway stations in Assam at a distance of 240 km and 90 km respectively. From the stations, you can further use the roadways to reach the park by hiring the taxi, cab, or bus services.
3) By Road
The gate of Kaziranga Park is situated in small-town Kohra which is located on NH–37. You can reach there by public transport, share taxi cabs from Guwahati, Tezpur, Jorhat & Dimapur.
How to stay- As Kaziranga offers the best Safari experience to the tourist. To enhance this experience there are many resorts and hotels are available near Kaziranga National Park to accommodate tourists.
The best of them are Wildgrass resort, Bonhabi resort, Kaziranga restaurant, Infinity Kaziranga Wilderness, and many more.
Places To Visit Kaziranga National Park:
The Kaziranga Forest is the best place to get the unhindered sighting of the various large wild animals such as tigers, leopards, Indian wild elephants, Rhinoceros, wild buffalo and wild boars along with many other small wild animals such as Hoolock Gibbons, spotted deer, swamp deer, Goar, Sambhar, and many other species.
1) Orchid and Biodiversity Park
It is located at a distance of 2 km from a central range of Kaziranga Park.
It contains 500 varieties of wild orchid, 132 species of sour fruits & leafy vegetables, and various species of local fishes.
2) Orang National Park or Rajiv Gandhi National Park
It is also known as mini Kaziranga National Park.
The park is famous for bird watching due to the presence of a large number of exotic migrating birds and domestic birds along with tiger, Elephants, Deer Sambar, and many other wildlife species.
3) Tea gardens
Tea gardens are an attractive tourist hotspot in Kaziranga. You can taste flavours of different varieties of tea and you can visit the factory of tea plantation. You can also take bicycle rides and scenic walk.
4) Tour of villages
Kaziranga National Park is well surrounded by many villages. So you can take a walk through those villages because of that you can get a familiar tradition, culture of Assam.
5) Kakochang waterfalls
Kakochang waterfalls are the well-known tourist spot near Kaziranga. It is situated between Kaziranga National Park and Bokakhat.
The ideal time to visit waterfalls is during post-monsoon months. Located at a mere distance of 14 km from Kaziranga, the Kakochang Waterfall boasts of beautiful serene surroundings. It is also a popular stoppage for trekkers.
This is a place famous for the myth of birds committing suicide. It’s around 277 km but can be visited if tourists have sufficient time to explore.
The myth is not true but it is believed that the birds crash into the tall bamboo trees in the darkness of the night which often kills them.
7) Jorhat Tea Estate
The Tocklai Tea Research Institute in Jorhat, situated near Tocklai River is a 116 km drive from Kaziranga. A stroll through the gardens is enough to revive one’s senses.
It is also an opportunity to learn about the different research activities that are being undertaken to improve the quality of tea that is produced.
Majuli is an enchanting place with its alluring beauty. Located about 154 km from the national park, a few hour’s drive to Majuli is worth the time and effort.
It has some holy sites like Garmur and Kamalabari Satra where one can soak in the peace and calmness one feels here.
Things To Do In Kaziranga National Park:
1) Jeep Safari
Jeep Safari in Kaziranga takes one and a half hours of a round trip that starts every day early in the morning and in the afternoon.
Travellers need to higher a Jeep from Jeep Safari association at Kaziranga.
The Jeep Safari is allowed in all the four zones of the Kaziranga National park are The Central zone, Agartoli Range, Bagori ecotourism Range, and Burapahar Range.
Range – Morning Shift – Afternoon Shift
Kohora (central) Range – 07:00 AM – 10:00 AM – 01:00 PM – 04:00 PM
Bagori (western) Range – 07:00 AM – 10:00 AM – 01:00 PM – 04:00 PM
Agaratoli (eastern) Range – 07:00 AM – 10:00 AM – 01:00 PM – 04:00 PM
Burapahar (ghorakati) Range – 07:00 AM – 10:00 AM – 01:00 PM – 04:00 PM
If you are an Indian citizen then Fares are more reliable for you. You can also book Jeep safari online from Kaziranga National Park official website.
2) Wildlife and Bird Watching:
You can observe Wildlife species and rare Bird species in Kaziranga National Park. You can learn about their habitat. You can click wildlife photos for your magazines and newspapers.
3) Tea Flavours
You know that Assam is the highest tea production state in the whole of India. You can get to taste a variety of tea flavours in hotels and Dhabas near Kaziranga National Park.
4) Elephant safari
Elephant Safari is a fabulous selection aimed for people who wish to see wildlife and nature more closely. The Safari runs in two shifts. One from 5 a.m. to 6:00 a.m. another from 6:00 a.m. to 7:00 a.m.
The starting point of the central range is the Mihimukh riding tower. Guests can take an elephant safari in this range maximum for one hour. Safari rides pass through the Dagland and Foliomari area.
The designated safari routes for the central range are: (Mihimukh – Kathpora -Daphlang – Diffolu River Bank -Mona Beel – Karasing & back).
You can book elephant safari by directly visiting the Kaziranga zone office. It provides you with a rewarding experience.
Important Facts About Kaziranga National Park:
Kaziranga National Park is declared as a world heritage place by UNESCO since 1985.
Kaziranga National Park is a shelter for the highest density of tigers, that’s why it is declared as a tiger reserve sanctuary in 2006 by the Ministry of forest runs by the Government of India.
Birdlife international recognized it as an important bird observance area. It is the only place where you can spot Eastern Swamp Deer popularly called as Barahsingha. Kaziranga also boasts the highest density of tigers among the protected areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006.
Though sighting of tigers is difficult because of the tall grasses that provide excellent camouflage, their presence can be felt everywhere by way of pug marks, kills, and territorial markings.
The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.
Best Time To Visit Kaziranga National Park:
The best time to visit Kaziranga National Park is from November to April.
The park remains closed during the rainy season from May till October.
So if you want to experience adventure, thriller & nature then you have to visit Kaziranga National Park once in a lifetime.
Monsoon (June to September): From June till September, the region receives heavy rain, approximately 2,220 millimetres (87 in); thus the climate remains hot and humid. The park remains closed from May to October due to warnings of Brahmaputra river floods.
Winter (November to February): Perhaps the best time to visit the Kaziranga National Park as the climate is mild and dry. Chances of spotting rhinos are more in winter as the grass burns off and the background becomes clearer.
Safari Timings At Kaziranga National Park:
To promote wildlife tourism in Assam, Kaziranga Park authorities organize a jeep and elephant safari tour.
- Morning Jeep Safari: 8:00 AM to 10:00 AM
- Afternoon Jeep Safari: 02:00 PM to 04:00 PM
Elephant Safari Timing:
- Morning: 05:30 / 06:30
- Morning: 06:30 / 07:30
Safari Gate/Zones at At Kaziranga National Park:
Sprawling over an area of 430 sq km, the park alias the hotspot of diversity is split into four areas; each has its distinguishing feature regarding grasslands, the density of mammals & birds, land topography, terrains.
Below are some points of the pre-defined tourist circuits where the jeep safari takes place:
- Mihimukh in Central Range at Kohora
- Bagori in Western Range at Bagori
- Agartala in Eastern Range at Agaratoli
- Ghorakati in Burapahar Range at Ghorakhati
Major Attractions In And Around Kaziranga National Park:
To enjoy the best of the park, it would be good to take a jeep or elephant but what apart from these options? Fortunately around Kaziranga, one can find an ample number of nature getaways options like wildlife sanctuaries, parks for bird watching, and hill stations.
So, if, by chance, tourists have some extra days at their disposal than go to the list of places mentioned below to make the holiday even memorable. Below are some places to visit around Kaziranga National Park:
- Orang National Park (114 km)
- Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary
- Addabarie Tea Estate
- Kakochang fall (46 km)
- Deopahar (51 km)
If on an extended trip to Kaziranga, tourists can visit:
- Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
- Nameri National Park
- Manas National Park
Kaziranga National Park is one of the points of pride in India. Kaziranga is the place where nature unwinds its pristine form in millions of hues, where wildlife roams fearlessly, where man and nature meet together.
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