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Gujarat

On the western coast of India, lives the grand state of Gujarat is the ninth-largest Indian state by population, with 60.4 million souls. Resting on the Kathiawar peninsula, Gujarat has a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi), making it the fifth-largest state in India by area. 

Gujarat’s Ahmedabad, one of the most popular Gujarati cities like Gandhinagar, the capital of Gujarat, is also the largest city in the state.

The natives of Gujarat are India’s Gujarati-speaking people.

The state covers some sites such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro, from ancient Indus Valley civilizations.

Lothal is believed to be one of the first seaports in the world.

In the Maurya and Gupta empires, during the succession of the Royal Saka dynasties of the Western-Satraps era, Gujarat’s coastal towns such as Bharuch and Khambhat served as ports and trade centres.

Gujarat shares its borders with: 

  • Rajasthan on the north-east,
  • Madhya Pradesh to the east,
  • Maharashtra to the south-east, 
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu to the south, and, 
  • the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. 

Gujarat is also one of the three Indian states with Bihar and Nagaland, to ban the sale of alcohol. The Gujarat Gir Forest National Park is home to the world’s only population of a wild Asian lion.

History of Gujarat

Gujarat’s history started with the settlements of the Stone Age followed by settlements of the Chalcolithic and Bronze Ages, like the Indus Valley Civilisation.

The Nanda, Maurya, Satavahana and Gupta realms, as well as the Western Kshatrapas period, were served as ports and trading centres by Gujarat’s coastal areas like Bharuch.

Gujarat thrived as an autonomous Hindu/Buddhist state after the decline of the Gupta empire in the 6th century. 

From the 6th to the 8th centuries, the Maitraka dynasty which are descendants of Gupta generals, ruled from their capital at Vallabhi, however, in the 7th century, they were ruled shortly by the Harsha.

In 770, the Maitraka dynasty was brought to an end when the Arab rulers of Sindh looted Vallabhi. From the 8th to 10th centuries, Gujarat state was controlled by the Gurjara-Pratihara Empire. 

The area came under the administration of the Rashtrakuta Empire and Pala Empire for some short periods, as well. The first Parsi (Zoroastrian) evacuees came to Gujarat from Greater Iran in 775.

The regional Chaulukya dynasty came to power during the 10th century. Anhilwara was defeated and Gujarat was merged into the Delhi Sultanate by the Turkic Sultan of Delhi, Alauddin Khalji, from 1297 to 1300.

At the end of the 14th century, the governor of Gujarat, Zafar Khan Muzaffar, declared his independence, and his son, Sultan Ahmad Shah I (1411-1442), restructured Ahmedabad as the capital after Timur’s plundering of Delhi weakened the Sultanate. 

Until 1576, the Sultanate of Gujarat continued independently, when the Mughal ruler Akbar won it and joined it to the Mughal Empire as a state. Surat became the notable and principal port of India during Mughal reign.

In 1960, present Gujarat was crafted out by dividing the Bombay state based on linguistics. The Indian National Congress grasped its control in Gujarat Legislative assembly from 1960 to 1995 while in the 1970s and 1990, other parties ruled for incomplete terms. Since 1998, the Bharatiya Janata Party has been in power.

Regional Languages And Religions of Gujarat

The official language of the state is Gujarati, spoken by 86% of the people or roughly 52 million people (as of 2011) of Gujarat.

According to the 2001 census, 4.8% speak Bhili, 4.7% speak Hindi, 1.9% speak Sindhi, 1.5% speak Marathi, and 1.1% speak Urdu in the state of Gujarat. 

Some other regional languages include Kutchi, Memondi, Arabic, Farsi, Gamit, English, Marwari, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Bengali, Oriya, And Malayalam.

Although the natives speak Gujarati more often, Hindi is widely understood throughout the state, as well as, English is also popularly known in some cities.

Also, 89.09% of the state’s people follow Hinduism, 9.06% follow Islam and 1.84% follow other religions.

CM of Gujarat 

Vijay Rupani (2019 – Present)

Governor of Gujarat

Acharya Devvrat (2019 – Present)

Capital of Gujarat 

Gandhinagar

Native Language Of Gujarat

Gujarati

Gujarat High Court Location:

Sarkhej – Gandhinagar Highway, Sola, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380060

The present Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi, was former chief minister of Gujarat.

Mahatma Gandhi, “Father of the Nation”, is from Gujarat.

Gujarat on Map:

Gujarat Tourism

The Gujarat Tourism department welcomes you to explore Gujarat – the land of Legends and lions. 

Major Regions of Gujarat:

Gujarat is divided into three major regions:

  • Gujarat which comprises Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodara.
  • Saurashtra, comprising of the districts of Surendranagar, Bhavnagar, Amreli, Rajkot, Junagadh, Jamnagar and Porbandar, and,
  • Kutch, which is both the state’s and the country’s largest district. Bhuj is the principal city. 

Famous National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of Gujarat

Gujarat is famous for its Gir Forest National Park which is one of the four National Parks in Gujarat. It is home to some of the last remaining Asiatic lions in the world.

The Forest Department of Gujarat also hosts twenty-three wildlife sanctuaries alongside the four national parks. Let’s find out what these are.

National Parks in Gujarat:

1.Gir Forest National Park

Asiatic Lion Gir Forest

It is a wildlife sanctuary in Gujarat, established to protect Asiatic lions who haunt the fenced-off Devalia Safari Park, with leopards and antelopes.

Outside the fenced region, Gir Jungle Trail travels across the deciduous forest and serves as a natural habitat for wildlife including vultures and pythons.

There are marsh crocodiles and birds, such as Indian skimmers and pelicans, in the Kamleshwar Dam.

2.Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar

Located in the Bhavnagar district of Gujarat, this national park is famous for the blackbucks but is also home to fox, Macqueen’s bustard, lesser florican, etc.

3.Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch

It is situated on the southern shore of the Gulf of Kutch in the district of Dwarka in Gujarat. The major wildlife supported by this national park includes sponges, corals, jellyfish, seahorse, octopus, pearl oyster, starfish, lobster, and dolphin.

4.Vansda National Park

Covered with thick woodlands of the Dangs and southern Gujarat, this national park at Navsari district of Gujarat is home to leopard, hyena, deer, and chausingha.

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Gujarat:

1.Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary

It is the largest wildlife sanctuary in Gujarat by area and is one of the four sanctuaries in Kutch district of Gujarat. With an area of 7506.22 sq. km, it is a sanctuary for chinkara, hyena, fox, flamingo, pelicans and other waterfowl and herpetofauna.

2.Wild Ass Sanctuary

IndianWildAss

It is located in the Little Rann of Kutch and houses chinkara, nilgai, blackbuck, onager(wild ass) wolf, fox, Macqueen’s bustard, waterfowl, and herpetofauna.

It is also known as Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary.

3.Gir Wildlife Sanctuary & National Parks

Also known as Sasan Gir, this Sanctuary is situated near Somnath to the south-west, Junagadh to the north-west, and Amreli to north-east.

Its natural habitat includes protection for lions, leopards, chausinga, chital, hyena, sambar, chinkara, herpetofauna, crocodiles and various birds.

4.Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Sharing its borders with Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, this sanctuary lies in the western Satpura Range south of the Narmada river.

The flora here is rich in deciduous and riverine forests with some teak trees and even a few agricultural fields.

It is home to various animals including Sloth bear, leopard, rhesus macaque, chausinga, barking deer, pangolin, herpetofauna, and birds including Alexandrine parakeet, grey jungle fowl, red jungle fowl, crested serpent eagle, shikra, sparrow hawk, great horned owl and grey hornbill.

5.Balaram Ambaji Wildlife Sanctuary

This sanctuary falls in the area of Banas and Sabarmati rivers in the Banaskantha district of Gujarat. It shares its border with the state of Rajasthan.

It is home to 483 species of plants which include 10 species of lower plants, 49 of climbers, 40 of grass, 219 of herbs, 58 of shrubs and 107 of trees.

The fauna includes sloth bear, striped hyena, Indian leopard, Nilgai (blue bull), Indian porcupine, Indian fox, small Indian civet, Indian pangolin,  snakes (venomous and non-venomous), Indian star tortoises,  monitor lizards, etc.

6.Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary

Also known as Narayan Sarovar Wildlife Sanctuary or Narayan Sarovar Chinkara Sanctuary, it is a sanctuary near the Narayan Sarovar in the Kutch district of Gujarat.

It is only one of its kind desert forests in entire India. It inhabits some rare animals including cheetah, and the most seen animal here is chinkara. You can also spot some green day, desert cat, hyena, desert fox, jackal and birds.

7.Marine Sanctuary 

 Wikipedia Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park

It is part of the Marine National Park situated near Jamnagar coast of Gujarat.

The coast has around 42 islands including the best known Pirotan island, all surrounded by coral reefs.

You can find many species of sponges, corals, jellyfish, sea horse, octopus, oyster, pearl oyster, starfish, dolphin, dugong, and waterfowl here.

8.Barda Wildlife Sanctuary

Barda Sanctuary is located 15 km away from the Porbandar district of Gujarat. The mostly tropical and mixed deciduous forests are home to the blue bull, chinkara, blackbuck, and wolf.

9.Purna Wildlife Sanctuary

It is situated in the Western Ghats mountain range, sharing borders with the Maharashtra state of India.

This sanctuary in Dangs district supports leopards, barking deer, macaques, four-horned antelope, sambhar, hyena, herpetofauna, birds and has around 700 species of plants and trees.

10.Jambughoda Wildlife Sanctuary

It is situated in the Jambughoda Tehsil of Panchmahal district of Gujarat.

It is primarily a teak and bamboo forest among other species of flora and is inhabited by large colonies of Indian flying fox, sloth bear, leopard, jungle cat, hyena, wolf, four-horned antelope, herpetofauna, birds.

11.Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary

Nal sarovar birds 1

Situated to the west of Ahmedabad, this bird sanctuary has a 120 sq. km lake and marshes all around.

It is one of the largest wetland bird sanctuaries in India and the largest bird sanctuary in Gujarat, chiefly inhabited by birds migrating in winter and spring seasons.

It is home to flamingos, pelicans, coot, ducks, waders, storks, herons and other waterfowl herpetofauna including some mammals like the endangered blackbuck and wild ass.

12.Thol Lake Bird Sanctuary

Surrounded by marshes and scrubby forest, this shallow freshwater sanctuary is home to cranes, geese, flamingos, Sarus and about 125 other waterfowl species.

It is situated 20 km from Ahmedabad. The best time to visit the sanctuary is in the winter season. The flora and fauna in the area create a mesmerizing view.

13.Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary

Sloth bear 1

Home to sloth bear, leopard, hyena, birds and other herpetofauna, this sanctuary is located in the Banaskantha district of Gujarat.

The forest is covered with arid to semiarid and dry deciduous thorny scrub.

14.Ratanmahal Sloth Bear Sanctuary 

It is located in the Dahod district of Gujarat inhabited by a sloth bear, leopard, hyena, jackal, chausinga, civet cat, jungle cat, birds and herpetofauna.

15.Pania Wildlife Sanctuary

Pania Sanctuary is an integral part of the Gir Wildlife Sanctuary. It is widely known as Chanchai-Pania and is rich in birdlife.

The flora includes desi baval, Khair, gorad, hermo, bordi, dhav, saladi, ashitro, dudhlo, khakhro, modad, Lantana Camara, bamboo, karamda etc. and the fauna comprises Lion, Hyena, Leopard, Wildcat, Civet cat, Spotted deer, Chinkara, Wild boar, Four-horned antelope, pangolin, Blue bull, etc. It is situated in Amreli district of Gujarat.

16.Rampara Wildlife Sanctuary

This sanctuary in Morbi district of Gujarat is home to the blue bull, chinkara, wolf, fox, jackal, birds, herpetofauna. The land here is shrubby and it is surrounded by hillocks on the fringes mark.

17.Hingolgadh Sanctuary

The lush green field of the sanctuary in Hingolgadh contrasts strongly with the arid zone of the surrounding Saurashtra area.

The tropical grassland ecosystem is a peculiar lair for a wide range of animals and reptiles, which is characterized by the spread of high grasses between trees and shrubs.

The Jungle is filled with animated fervour due to the presence of Chinkara, Blue bull, Wolf, Foxes, Indian Porcupine, Hare and Hyena, and flying foxes and such.

Over the course of the year, nearly 230 different birds make this area their home. Native birds, like Red-vented Bulbul, Green bee-eater, Spotted Dove, WoodPecker, fly and nest across the region.

18.Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary

Situated 12 km from Jamnagar district of Gujarat, Bird-watchers can enjoy the fabulously diverse ecosystem.

The marshy areas and mangroves, Prosopis, mudflats, salt pans, streams, forest scrub, sandy beaches and farms bordering the area are also present alongside marine and freshwater habitats.

Together, the ecosystems offer shelters for more than 220 resident and migratory species of birds.

Ornithologists can train binoculars and cameras at endangered species, such as Dalmatian Pelican, Asian Openbill Stork, Black-Necked Stork, Darter, Black-headed Ibis, Eurasian spoonbill, and Indian Skimmer. 

On fortunate days, avian enthusiasts can find many of these rare birds.

19.Gaga Wildlife Sanctuary

Falling under the Devbhumi Dwarka district of Gujarat, Gaga is one of the few areas to find several major birds.

This sanctuary is visited during winter by a wide range of birds, such as pelicans, spot-billed ducks, flamingoes, demoiselle cranes and common cranes.

It supports rare and endangered species such as Houbara Bustard, Indian Wolf and others. There are 12 mammal species, 8 reptile species and 88 bird species.

Invertebrates are also present in the sanctuary, such as butterflies, moths, honey bees, wasps, spiders, and termites.

20.Kutch Bustard Sanctuary

Great Indian bustard

This is one of two major Indian bustard sanctuaries in Gujarat and is also known as the Lala-Parjan Sanctuary; the other sanctuary is in Jamnagar.

The best time to visit is the rainy season to the end of winters. The ideal way to enjoy the barn of nature is to take a walk and befriend various Bustard species.

You can find the Black and Gray Francolin, the Spotted and Indian Sandgrouse, Quails, Larks, Shrikes, Coursers and Plovers if you look around.

And if you’re fortunate, you can catch a glimpse of the rare Stolicska’s Bushchat and the White-naped Tit.

In winters, if you continue to go north towards the shoreline of Jakhau, large flocks of flamingos, herons, egrets, sandpipers and other birds living in the salt reservoirs and in the waterfront may welcome you.

21.Porbandar Bird Sanctuary

Situated in the heart of the city of Porbandar, it is the only sanctuary in India that provides a unique example of coexistence between mankind and nature.

The sanctuary covers an area of only 1 sq. km, making it the smallest bird sanctuary. The lake in the sanctuary draws migratory birds and other birds, like teals, flamingos, ibis and curlews.

22.Mitiyala Wildlife Sanctuary

Located near Mitiyala in the Amreli district, this sanctuary is also known as Mitiyala Grasslands.

It is well-known for its rustic, untouched nature of a hillside surrounded by large grasses, semi-dry deciduous trees, and is almost like an offshoot of the Gir Lion Sanctuary. It is home to Lion, Blue bull, Chittal, Chinkara, and Panther.

23.Girnar  Wildlife Sanctuary

The Girnar Hills are known for being a pilgrimage site for both Hindus and Jains in Gujarat’s Junagadh District since ancient times.

Trees, climbers, twiner species, creepers and parasite species are available in the Girnar Wildlife Sanctuary. There are also 179 species of birds, 33 of reptiles, and 30 of mammals.

Other Protected Areas In Gujarat:

  1. Kachchh Biosphere Reserve known for Indian wild ass.
  2. Chhari Dhand Conservation Reserve known for wetland birds.
  3. Banni Grasslands Reserve known for Wetland birds, Houbara bustard, Chinkara, raptors like Tawny Eagle, Bonelli’s Eagle, Greater Spotted Eagle, Imperial Eagle and Steppe Eagle.

All three protected areas are located in the Kutch region of Gujarat.

50 Best Places To Visit In Gujarat:

Following are some of the most famous Gujarat tourism destinations:

1.Gandhinagar

It is the administrative capital of the state. It’s famous for its Akshardham Temple. The city has gardens, wide avenues with trees, beautiful temples, markets and many other facilities planned. It is second among the planned Green Cities in India. It is named after the “Father of the Nation”, Mahatma Gandhi, who was born and raised in Gujarat.

2.Ahmedabad

It is also called Amdavad and is popularly known as Manchester of the East. It is also the commercial capital of Gujarat and is the home city of Mahatma Gandhi’s Ashram. The world’s finest textile museum, Calico Textile Museum, is situated here.

3.Bhavnagar

It is a busy industrial city and is a base for journeys to nearby sites. For the diamond cutting and polishing industry, Bhavnagar is a significant centre both in Gujarat and in India.

4.Himmatnagar

Lying on the bank of Hathmati river, Himmatnagar is famous for its unique tasting dal and pani-puri. The Pologround here hosts Asia’s best Horse Training Centre.

5.Jamnagar

It is home to the world’s largest Grass-Root Refinery complex, the Reliance Jamnagar Refinery.

6.Porbandar

Huzoor Palace at Porbandar

It is the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi. It is also the birthplace of Sudama(friend of Lord Krishna) and hence was anciently called Sudamapuri.

7.Junagadh

It is the city of ancient Ashokan Stone Edicts. Located in the Saurashtra region, it is well-known for its musical culture, markets, spices and pickles and welcoming people. The fort of Junagadh is a must-see when visiting Junagadh.

8.Rajkot

It is the former capital of the state of Saurashtra. It is popular for its gold jewellery and silk work. It is a fast developing city and is one of the top 10 cleanest cities in India.

9.Surat

International Business Center, Piplod, Surat

It is also known as Diamond City. It is popular for its mouth-watering Surati food. It is also the textile hub of India, hence called the Silk City. The cotton mills and Zari Craft makes surat more famous. It is also the biggest MMF(man-made fibre) centre of the nation.

10.Vadla

Just a short drive from Ahmedabad, Vadla is a haven for migrating birds moving towards the marshy wetlands of Gujarat.  In comparison to Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, Vadla is still relatively unknown and unexplored and is only known to local people.

11.Vadodara

It is nicknamed as the Cultured City and the Oxford of Gujarat. It is also called Baroda and is famous for its palaces, parks, museums and temples exhibiting excellent architecture.

12.Kutch

It is famous for its Great Rann of Kutch which is a huge desert of white salt, surrounded by the Thar desert. Kutch is also known for its creative handicraft goods.

13.Bhuj

Bhuj is renowned for its narrow alleys, beautiful palaces and temples. The oldest museum in Gujarat is also located here. Not only is it famous for various places of interests, but is also famous for embroidery and other traditional handicrafts.

14.Saputra

It is best-known for providing trekking and boating activities. People travel here to witness the beauty of the countryside and the mountains. Some of the famous attractions include Louisa Point, Charlotte Lake and King George Point.

15.Dholavira

It is one of the most prominent archaeological sites in India, located at Khadirbet in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District. The site contains ruins of an ancient Indus Valley Civilization/Harappan city, also known locally as Kotada timba. It is located on the Tropic of Cancer and is one of the five largest Harappan sites.

16.Pirotan Island

In Jamnagar district of Gujarat, it is an Arabian Sea island in the Marine National Park. It consists of mangroves and low-tide beaches.

17.Dandi Beach

The beach of Dandi is one of the cleanest Arabian beaches. Historically Dandi Beach is notable since Mahatma Gandhi carried salt satyagraha from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi. This is the beach where, after the Salt March, Mahatma Gandhi broke the British salt tax law.

18.Zarwani Waterfalls

Zarwani Waterfalls are one of the most popular places in India, about 90 km from Baroda in Gujarat. If, indeed, you are a nature lover who never enjoyed the genuine wilderness of a waterfall and the wide range of the green canopy, away from the commotion of civilization, and have not enjoyed themselves in the heart of the far-off hooting of the birds, then these should be your next place to stay.

19.Girnar

The mountain ranges in Girnar are known to be older than the Himalayas. The Jain temples situated here are among the most ancient temples in India. It is also the Nirvana bhumi for 22nd Tirthankara Lord Neminatha. At the height of 3666 feet, it is one of the most striking mountains in India.

20.White Desert of Kutch

White Rann of Kutch

Situated near Dhordo, Bhuj, this is a famous desert of white salt and is visible after the monsoon season. It is a popular site during sunrise and sunset.

21.Taranga Hills

It is a Jain pilgrimage site in the vicinity of Kheralu in Mehsana district. It has two compounds of Jain temples that are significant symbols of the Māru-Gurjara fashion of architecture.

22.Hathni Waterfalls

Jambughoda is home to one of the Indian subcontinent’s most breathtaking and magnificent waterfalls. About 100 metres long, Hathni Waterfall is around a variety of beautiful flora and fauna, with rich greenery. If you find it unbelievably relaxing and peaceful, the sound of water coming from rivers, then this is your place. It should be listed in your bucket list if you’d like to engage in some photographic experience of nature while you have a spiritual experience in the dense forests.

23.Champaner

Located in Panchmahal district, it is a historical city and also a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was the capital of the Sultanate of Gujarat for a short period.

24.Kabirvad

Kabirvad is a tiny island that was rumoured to be the residence of Saint Kabir some hundred years ago in the Gujarat district of Bharuch. Located on the banks of the Narmada River, Kabirvad promises a peaceful and tranquil place to stay under the massive canopy of Banyan trees.

25.Anand

It belongs to the region called Charotar, consisting of the districts of Anand and Kheda. Anand is referred to as India’s Milk Capital. Amul’s dairy and its milk revolution made it popular.

26.Patan

Patan, Gujarat’s former capital, is famous for its one of the finest handmade textiles in the world, the Patola sarees. This sumptuous fabric can be seen being woven here. Patan Patola is one of the world’s finest fabrics woven by hand.

27.Polo Forest

It is a wildlife sanctuary and an archaeological site in Gujarat. It is rich in flora and fauna, which creates an excellent opportunity to experience nature.

28.The Somanath

Somnath-current

It is located in Prabhas Patan near Junagadh. It is known to be the first of the twelve jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. Its glory attracted Islamic looter Mahmud of Ghazni.

29.The Dwarka

It is an ancient city believed to be built by Lord Krishna himself. It is a prominent Hindu pilgrimage site. The ancient Dwarkadhish Temple is situated here along with the Dwarka Beach and Dwarka lighthouse which makes it a must-visit.

30.Ambaji

Ambaji is a notable temple city with millions of devoted visitors every year to the Ambaji Temple. It’s one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. The temple of Ambaji Mata is India’s significant Shakti Peeth.

31.Umbergaon

In the Indian state of Gujarat, Umbergaon is a census town and municipality. The city’s beaches, tourism and film industries are quite well-known. In 2017 the first nanotechnology production plant in India was established in the area.

32.The Sun Temple Modhera

Situated at the bank of Pushpavati river, it is a thousand years old Hindu temple in Modhera village of Mehsana district, dedicated to the solar deity Surya.

33.Lothal

It is the southernmost and well-planned Harappan and Indus Valley Civilization port. It is situated in the Bhāl region of modern Gujarat.

34.Palanpur

Temples in Palanpur are devoted to Hinduism and Jainism. Jayasimha Siddharaja of Anhilwad Patan, the ruler of the Chalukya dynasty is thought to be born in Palanpur. Pataleshwar Temple of Shiva was built by his mother Meenaldevi. Lakshman Tekri Temple, Mota Ramji Mandir, Ambaji Mata Mandir are other Hindu temples.

35.Statue Of Unity

Statue of Unity

The Statue of Unity is a monument of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Iron Man of India. Sardar Patel’s vision of India is spread by the statue and the citizens are inspired by his patriotism and freedom struggle in India.

The Bronze statue of India’s founder, the ‘Tallest Statue in the World,’ stands 182 meters high and captures the attention of the world.

Statue of Unity is situated in Gujarat, at the shore of Narmada river, on the Sadhu Bet River Island facing the Narmada Dam (Sardar Sarovar Dam).

36.Wankaner

Wankaner is a town known for its royal lineage and monuments, located on the bending point of the Macchu River in Gujarat. Its name ‘Wankaner’ comes from ‘wanka’ which means ‘bend’ and ‘ner’ which means ‘river.’ The city was initially ruled by Jhala Rajputs hence was also known as Jhalawar. The rulers have been famous for their architecture and art patronage and this reflects clearly in the beautiful Wankaner monuments and palaces. The picturesque town offers several attractions and historic monuments open to visitors. All of this boasts of amazing interior and architecture, while some have become heritage hotels.

37.Wilson Hills

Way to mountain, vaghvad, near wilson hills

One of the places where you would say ‘wow’ when you see how natural and panoramic the place is would be Wilson hills in Gujarat district of Dharampur. Wilson Hills is the perfect place for people who love nature photography. Clouds floating near the ground, lush green forests, pleasant climate and intriguing views over the sea from the hilltop makes for a mesmerizing experience.

38.Nargol Beach

Nargol Beach is a lovely, serene beach, prolifically spread over a 16-kilometre area, located in Gujarat. The beauty of this beach is ten times enhanced by luxuriant green casuarinas. While the beach is not an ideal place for swimming, it is a perfect spot for walking or a picnic. In the winter season from October to March, it is the best time to visit the beach.

39.Zanzari Waterfalls

The Dehgam’s Vatrak River, shows off the beautiful Zanzari Waterfalls. The major waterfall is 25 feet high and falls upon a picturesque set of rocks, boulders and craters.

40.Sardar Sarovar Dam

Sardar Sarovar Dam 2006, India

The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a huge gravity dam built on the Narmada River, situated near Navagam Gujarat. It was engineered to preserve water and to help people and the environment. In 1961, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru laid the foundation of the project. In 1979, the construction for this project was initiated. Today, this dam contributes to supplying the neighbouring villages with drinking water as well as water for irrigation and hydro-power for the entire Gujarat region.

41.Anjar

Despite the fact that the world gher procession only passed in the middle of the city, Anjar is famous for its gher all over India. It is also known for its mouth-watering cuisine, especially Dabeli. The rich and ancient culture of the town is also a significant charm.

42.Modhera

Sun Temple Panorama

Modhera is a historical town in Gujarat, famous as a real historical treasure because it houses the remains of the Sun Temple built by the Chalukya Dynasty. The village is surrounded by a mystical aura, which is brought with it by the Sun Temple. Modhera shows you the glory days of the Chalukya royal lineage and is one of the finest examples of the past’s architectural excellence. If you adore history, then the town is perfect for you, with relics, structures and legends deep in the background.

43.Rani ni Vav

It is a famous stepwell from 1304 AD, situated in Patan, near the banks of Saraswati river.

44.Ghogla Beach, Diu

This beach of Golden Sand undulates in the horizon while the Arabian Sea laps at the edge as if to beseech the sands to let it find its own shore. Ghogla Beach is one of Gujarat’s most lovely beaches. Located on Diu’s north with few people, this attracts the attention of the crowd of tourists who favour staying aloof. This beach is fully provided with standard restaurants along with water sports.

45.Jallandhar Beach, Diu

Mandvi Beach l Gujarat

This sunny beach, named after the demon Jallandhar, is nearly 1 km from Diu.  The temple here is dedicated to Goddess Chandrika while a monument stands on a hill with the demon Jallandhar’s stone structure. There are also exciting water sports on the beach.

46.Mandvi Beach, Bhuj

Mandvi Beach, among Gujarat’s finest beaches, is one of the most popular vacation destinations in the area, and an immaculate and peaceful sea coastline. It is furnished with a quiet, clean and peaceful atmosphere from the town. Mandvi Beach is a wonderful place to enjoy a nice time with friends and family in the Kutch region of Gujarat, which is popular for camping and water sports facilities.

47.Tithal Beach, Surat

Tithal is a popular beach resort 88 km away from Surat. One of South Gujarat’s most famous tourist destinations Tithal Beach is for people looking for a revitalizing break.  The Tithal Beach is like a gold necklace, which decorates the azure neck of the Arabian Sea, breaking the whitewashed waves’ flow.

48.Devka Beach, Daman

Bet dwarka

Devka beach is a sight of pure beauty. This also is a massive, picturesque and quiet unspoiled beach as many of Daman’s. The site has clean blue water, well-kept coastlines and sufficient beauty for all. In addition, there is a special amusement park with huge fountains and a children’s playground.

49.Gomtimata Beach, Diu

This is one of the best beaches in the region, located on the west end of the Diu in Vanakbara village. Gomtimata Beach is a beautiful sandy beach, isolated and with natural white sand, to relax upon. A temple on the beach is also present.

50.Beyt Island, Dwarka

The island, which was the main port of Okha before development, is located about 30 km from the main village of Dwarka Beyt Dwarka. While the island is surrounded by a few temples, white sand and coral reefs, the beach is also popular for its coastal life, seafaring tours, camping and picnics.

Fairs And Festivals in Gujarat

1.The Uttarayan

A night lit up on Makar Sankranti Uttarayana Festival with Kites and Lights India

It is a one-day festival celebrated on 14th January in each and every city of Gujarat. People of all ages go to their roofs to enjoy flying kites.

2.The International Kite Festival

During Uttarayan festival held on 14th of January, it is a 3 to 4 days festival held every year during the second or third weekend of January. Many international visitors visit India to participate in the celebration.

3.The Modhera Dance Festival 

Modhera Dance Festival on Uttarayan Mahotsav, Makar Sankranti in 2014

Held every year during the third week of January, it is a three day festival after the conclusion of the Uttarayan festival. Dance and music enthusiasts from around the world visit this festival where dancers and musicians from different Indian states come to exhibit their talent.

4.Rath Yatra

During the month of June, entire India including Ahmedabad and Bhavnagar of Gujarat celebrates Rath Yatra which is a festival associated with Lord Jagannath.

5.The Navratri Festival

In the month of September/October, all cities and villages of Gujarat celebrate the 10 days Navratri festival. During the festival, people worship Hindu Goddesses. People of all ages, especially the youth enjoy performing the dance form called Ras Garba during the night. 

6.The Rann Utsav (desert festival)

Navratri Garba

Every year during the full moon night in December, Bhuj hosts the Rann Utsav for three days. More than 8000 tourists from around the world participate in the celebration of the mystical magic of Kutch and its diversity.

7.The Vautha Fair

At Dholka, this fair is held during Kartika Purnima, a full moon night in the month of November.

Things To Do In Gujarat

Shatrunjaya hill1.Ride The Royal Orient Train – it is one of the most exotic trains in the world. It is the rare delight to travel by the Royal Orient Train.

The experience takes you back to the golden time in the history of India.

The train runs through Gujarat and Rajasthan, travelling for seven days from Delhi through Chittaurgarh, Udaipur, Junagarh, Dilwara, Palitana, Ahmedabad, Jaipur and back to Delhi.

2.Boat Ride in Nal Sarovar (lake) Bird Sanctuary – Sail across over 120 square kilometres in a man driven boat to see over 250 species of birds migrating from Siberia and Europe.

Between November and February, it is the best time to visit Nal Sarovar. The Birds start to leave the lake during the month of April.

3.Safari in Blackbuck National Park – Observe groups of jumping Black Bucks in every part of Park and have fun trailing or camping in the park with no wild animals to haunt you.

4.Hiking on the Shatrunjaya hill and biking on Hastagiri – On the Shatrunjaya hill, there are a total of 863 Jain temples built with marble.

5.Safari in Gir Forest National Park – Among other things, Gir Forest is famous for the world’s last remaining Asiatic lions.

6.Lounge on Beaches In Diu and enjoy good quality alcohol.

7.Spend a day at Rann Riders Resort to observe and experience common rann village life, music and culture.

Gujarati Cuisine:

The Gujarati Thali

The major part of Gujarat’s population(80%) follow Vegetarian and especially Lacto-Vegetarian diet. As a result, the state flourishes with various vegetarian varieties of food.

The staple Gujarati meal, called thali, includes Rotli (Chapati/Puri), Shaak (Subzi/Vegetables/Curries), Mithai (Sweets), Rice and Dal(Pulses).

Non-vegetarian food is a rare availability in Gujarat but International travellers can find multi-cuisine restaurants serving food varieties from around the globe. 

Although alcohol is legally forbidden by the Gujarat Government, foreign tourists are partially excused from this constraint.

You may appeal for an alcohol permit if you plan to stay for a long period in Gujarat. The management of your accommodation can guide you through the process for the same.

Nevertheless, you can definitely enjoy non-alcoholic drinks within the state.

Gujarat is Famous For:

Asiatic Lions – The last remaining Asiatic lions in India are restricted to Gir National Park of Gujarat. They’re an endangered species also known by their scientific name, Panthera leo persica. 

Statue of UnityThe Statue of Unity is a monument of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Iron Man of India. Statue of Unity is situated in Gujarat, at the shore of Narmada river overlooking the Sardar Sarovar Dam.

It is also the “Tallest Statue In The World”, measuring up to 182 meters.

Rann of KutchThe Rann of Kutch is known for its salty white desert sand and it is established as the world’s largest salt desert. ‘Rann’ means desert in Hindi, derived in turn from the Sanskrit ‘Irina,’ also meaning desert.

It is surrounded by the Thar Desert of Rajasthan.

Colourful HandicraftsThe handicrafts of the Gujarati people are an integral part of their lives. The art and handicraft collection is said to reflect Gujarat’s diversity. Every region of Gujarat offers a distinctive form of art.

Gujarat’s handicrafts are a splendid blend of stitches, colours, patterns and embroidery.

There is no shortage of lavish handicrafts options in Gujarat from the vibrantly coloured tie-dye to refined wooden antiquities. People interested in arts and crafts should visit Gujarat.

Unique CultureGujarat’s expansive and lively state makes an important contribution to India’s cultural aspect. Gujaratis’ sheer simplicity and sociability made them prosperous.

Gujarat is rich in art, architecture, culture and heritage, all of which are apparent in local people’s daily lives.

The diversity shown by Gujarat comes from different ethnic groups, including Indic and Dravidian groups, who make up the population of Gujarat.

Transportation In Gujarat:

Himmatnagar Central Bus Station GSRTC

There are various means of transportation available within the state. Around 14 cities including within the state have airports which provide inter-states, intrastate and international travel facilities. 

Most people in Gujarat prefer to travel by private buses or by taxi. The public transport by state-owned buses is popular for its punctuality.

The buses connect the most popular cities as well as remote villages in Gujarat. The GSRTC owns various luxury and air-conditioned buses as well. 

There are many rail network options available to travel within the state or from the state to another state. 

Best Time To Visit Gujarat:

Underbridge Circle Rajkot

The average temperature in winters is 29-degree celsius in the daytime and around 12-degrees celsius at Nights.

During the summers, the days are extremely hot and dry with the temperature rising to 46 degree Celsius and dropping to no less than 34 degree Celsius at night.

The days are 100% Sunny throughout the year. During monsoon, the temperature is the same as summers but the humidity is very high making things feel hotter. 

Consequently, the best time to visit Gujarat is in the winter season from October to March.

Gujarat is considered a relatively safe place for tourists, both national and international. The people are friendly and welcoming. The natural scenery and the cultural heritage is eye-pleasing and the food is drool-worthy. The diversity and resourcefulness of the state are a hard-miss. 

Hence take out time from your busy life and explore the grand state of Gujarat.

You can look up the Gujarat tourism website to find out more about Gujarat tourism packages and Gujarat tourism hotels.

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